Lunedi, 23 Aprile, 2018

US Election: The Electoral College and how to win a Presidential election

Washington State Elector Says He Won't Vote for Clinton Understanding the electoral college
Rufina Vignone | 09 Novembre, 2016, 02:53

There are 538 electors in the college, a number that reflects the number of House members (435), senators (100) and three additional electors for Washington, D.C. While rules can vary depending on the state, the vast majority of states have a winner-takes-all system in which the total of electors from the state goes to whoever wins a plurality or majority of the vote there.

On the Monday following the second Wednesday in December, the electors - nominated by political parties and usually state-elected officials, party leaders or people with a strong affiliation with Presidential candidates - meet in their state capitols to officially cast their votes for president and vice president.

All but two states - ME and Nebraska - use a winner-takes-all system. The candidate with the most public votes gets two electoral college votes - representing the two state senators - while the remainder are allocated by congressional district. With the electoral college, candidates can't just focus on major population hubs and call it a day and they can't just spend all their time in the states with the high populations. Nebraska and ME award electoral votes to both parties in order to achieve proportional representation. These electors, appointed by the states, are pledged to support the presidential candidate the voters have supported. Though the victor of the national popular vote typically takes the presidency, that vote failed to determine the victor in four elections: 1824, 1876, 1888, and 2000. The idea is to give smaller states a larger voice especially as they combine with other states in their region.



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